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Gentoo on Rackspace Cloud

02 Jun 2013


This article will cover the initial steps I take to use Gentoo in the Rackspace public cloud environment. These steps involve taking the stock Gentoo image that Rackspace provides, updating and customizing it, then creating a personal image for further use.

Creating the Initial Instance

Launch an initial instance using the stock Gentoo 13.1 image. If you're able to afford the cost, I recommend launching an instance type with 4 or more vCPUs. This will cut down on the compile time. This entire process takes around 4 to 5 hours, so running a 4 vCPU instance will cost approximately $2.50.

When the instance is ready to be converted into an image, resize it to the smallest possible size. This way, you're able to launch the image in as many possible sizes. If you do not resize the instance, you will only be able to launch the instance in sizes greater than or equal to the original size.

Updating and Customizing the Instance

Portage Update

First, run emerge --sync to update the packages in the portage database. One of the packages with an available update was probably Portage itself. Update it by doing:

$ emerge -a --oneshot portage

Initial Packages

Next, since the default Gentoo image does not come with a text editor, one should be installed:

$ emerge -a vim

Since this is a remote session, using a terminal manager like tmux will allow you to resume sessions if you get disconnected:

$ emerge -a tmux

Once installed, switch into tmux.

make.conf Changes

Make some changes to /etc/portage/make.conf:

First, increase the number of jobs defined in MAKEOPTS. The number should be: (the amount of CPUs that your instance has) + (one):


Second, define version targets for both Python and Ruby:

# Python targets
PYTHON_TARGETS="python2_7 python3_2"

# Ruby

Finally, set any global USE flags. I only set vim-syntax for the master image:


I wouldn't recommend setting values for variables like CFLAGS or MARCH since the CPU could vary from compute node to compute node.

Update World

Next, update all packages:

$ emerge -DNua --with-bdeps=y world

This will probably take a few hours – most of the time will be devoted to updating gcc. On a 4 vCPU instance, the total running time was:

real    82m2.860s
user    95m4.966s
sys     63m23.733s

Global Packages

Now it's time to start applying global configurations and packages that will be used for all instances based off of this image. For example:

$ emerge -a git genkernel gentoolkit eix

Once eix is installed, perform a sync:

$ eix-sync

I like having Puppet installed on everything:

$ echo "=sys-apps/net-tools-1.60_p20120127084908 old-output" > /etc/portage/package.use
$ emerge -a puppet

Kernel Update

Next, update the kernel. First, see what kernels are available:

$ eselect kernel list

For example, the output might look like:

Available kernel symlink targets:
[1]   linux-3.7.10-gentoo *
[2]   linux-3.8.13-gentoo

Select the latest kernel:

$ eselect kernel set 2

This modifies the /usr/src/linux symlink to the proper /usr/src/linux-* directory.

Next, create a .config file with the currently running kernel's configuration:

$ cd /usr/src/linux
$ zcat /proc/config.gz > .config

Next, run:

$ make oldconfig

You'll be prompted to answer questions for any new features that were added between the currently running kernel and the new kernel you are configuring. I usually just choose the defaults.

Next, use genkernel to build the kernel:

$ genkernel --install --no-mrproper --makeopts="-j5" all

Once the kernel is done building, add an entry to the beginning of /boot/grub/menu.lst similar to the following:

title Gentoo Linux 3.8.13-gentoo
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/kernel-genkernel-x86_64-3.8.13-gentoo root=/dev/xvda1 ro console=hvc0

Finally, cross your fingers and reboot. While it's rebooting, ping the IP address in another terminal. If it begins responding to pings, the kernel upgrade worked.

One thing I have noticed is that the instance will successfully boot, but the network interfaces will be down. To fix, log in to the Console via the Rackspace dashboard and:

$ rc-update add net.eth0 boot
$ rc-update add net.eth1 boot

Final Steps

This section could also be called "A Growing List of Miscellanous Steps".

$ find /etc -name \*.bak~ -delete
$ echo > /etc/conf.d/nova-agent

Finally, use the dashboard to create an image from the running instance.


Some last things to note:


This article covered the basic steps needed to update and customize the stock Gentoo image found in the Rackspace public cloud. I plan to do further work with this when I get time: such as building an expandable distcc system that builds Gentoo packages or writing a scheduled script that does all of this work on a periodic basis so I always have an up-to-date image available.

I'm interested to hear if any of the above steps can be done in a better way – particularly if there is a better Gentoo-ish way.


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